Despite constant work and efforts of archaeologists, there is still much to be revealed about the intricacy and mystery of the Egyptian civilization. How its limestone and granite-made pyramids were built, for one, has been a mystery to present civilizations for centuries now.
But archaeologists may have just discovered how ancient Egyptians were able to haul millions of 2.5 ton blocks 500 miles in order to build the oldest among the Seven Wonders of the World – the Great Pyramid of Giza.
The 481ft tall structure, constructed in about 2,600BC over 20 years, is said to have been built as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu. It was the largest of all the pyramids and was, in fact, the tallest man-made structure on Earth, until the Middle Ages.
Historians have long been trying to figure out how the ancient Egyptian laborers were able to haul 800 tons of material from Giza to Aswan every day.
And now archaeologists may have just put an end to the debate, with the finding of an ancient papyrus, a ceremonial boat, and a system of waterworks.
The ancient papyrus scroll, discovered recently in the seaport Wadi Al-Jarf, has shed light on how ancient Egyptians were able to lug 170,000 tons of limestone.
According to reports by the Daily Mail on Sunday, the scroll reveals that the limestone were transported by thousands of laborers along the Nile River in boats made of wood held together by ropes, through a specially constructed system of canals.
The ancient papyrus scroll, written by an overseer named Merer, is insofar, the only firsthand account on record about the construction of the pyramids.
Based on the scroll, some 2.3 million blocks were carried to an inland port which was located just yards away from the base of the pyramid.
It also has a detailed description of how the limestone casing stones were transported downstream from Tura to Giza.
Archaeologist/Eygptologist Mark Lehner, have also reportedly discovered a lost canal under the plateau where the pyramid sits upon.
He stated, “We’ve outlined the central canal basin, which we think was the primary delivery area to the foot of the Giza Plateau.”